Anti Corruption Public Forum will advance the formulation of common stance to continue the prosecution of corruption cases involving former President Soeharto and his cronies, as the mandate of post new order democratic transition. This issue will be discussed during Anti Corruption Public Forum that will be held in Bali, 24-26 January 2008.
After the signing of UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) on 9-11 December 2003 di Merida, Mexico, international world has a more systematic anti-corruption strategy. The presence of UNCAC, the conferences, both organized by the Public Forum and the official UN Conference, are expected to break through the clogged agenda direction and strategy for combating corruption, particularly in Indonesia.
The latest status reported by the United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), there are 140 countries that have signed the convention. 103 states have ratified the convention into laws in their respective countries.
In the position as one of the state party to UNCAC, Indonesia is tied with parts of the convention. This began since 19 September 2006 when UNCAC was ratified in Law No. 7 Year 2006 concerning the Legalization of UNCAC 2003. Despite still have some reservation over article 66 paragraph 2, the signing and the ratification clearly prove Indonesia as a part of international cooperation against corruption.
The initial phase to realize anti-corruption cooperation kicked off by the organization of conference of state parties (CoSP) to UNCAC. The first conference has been held in Dead Sea, Jorand on 10-14 December 2006. And based on the provision of the first conference, Indonesia was selected as host to the second UNCAC conference that will be held on 28 January-1 February 2008 in Nusa Dua, Bali.
The Role of the Society
The difference in UNCAC, article 13 arranges explicitly about the role or participation of society in efforts to combat corruption. Individual and social organization, in addition to state’s participation is principle and inseparable from efforts to comply with anti-corruption strategy.
Indonesian NGOs/CSOs has clearly maximized their roles in comprehensive anti-corruption movement, even before the ratification of UNCAC. That role is then further reinforced with the momentum of the second conference of state parties to UNCAC.
Therefore, Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), Partnership for Governance Reform and Transparency International (TI) Indonesia asserts their position by organizing an anti-corruption public forum (AcPF) on 24-26 January 2008 in Bali. This forum is a sort of UNCAC alternative conference of national and international CSOs/NGOs network to be held before the organization of the conference of state parties to UNCAC at the same place.
The discussion shall depart from fundamental questions such as why corruption keeps on happening while anti-corruption regulations, policies, as well as prevention and eradication efforts are being constantly exercised. Do problems lie on the weak government’s anti-corruption strategy and lack of political commitment, or on the clogged democratic transition caused by corrupt system of many state institutions? Or else, could it be caused by any anti-corruption strategy that has been formulated, implemented and conditioned as, in fact, a policy disguise?
Thefore, to answer these questions, the Anti-Corruption Public Forum (AcPF) is held. The event will be attended by around 200 speakers and participants from varied NGOs/CSOs, academics, journalists, private sector, state institution representatives, political parties, banking, and anti-corruption donor institutions from Indonesia and a number of foreign countries.
Discussions in the forum, which are close to anti-corruption strategies, democratic transition, and strengthening of international NGOs/SCOs networks, are expected to realize, first, provide suggestions and feedbacks to states in order to drive and manage effective anti-corruption strategy. Second, drive the creation of clean and accountable government system. Third, formulate a cross-cutting strategy that covers aspects of social, cultural, political and legal at national level within the context of democratic transition. Fourth, strengthen the capacity and civil society network at international level to initiate, drive, and supervise the eradication of corruption.
Looking at a particular case, and considering the MPR Decree No. XI/MPR/1998, this forum will also promote the formulation of common stance to continue the investigation and prosecution of corruption cases involving former President Soeharto and his cronies, as a mandate from a post new order democratic transition.
The highlight of this Anti-corruption Public Forum is the presentation of the civil society version independent report titled “Corruption Assessment and Compliance UNCAC in Indonesian Law” that is expected to explain an objective condition in regards to combating corruption and compliance with UNCAC in Indonesia. This report is an alternative that is formulated as a comparison to the official report made by the government. However the main issue of the report is focused on the analysis of Indonesia anti-corruption policies from 2004-2007 that is trying to indicate the existence of a camouflage as well as political courtesy, which tends to be disoriented and weak in making necessary priorities; portrait of corruption eradication that follows certain patterns; as well as analysis towards the implementation process of UNCAC in Indonesian jurisdiction.
Recommendation resulted from this public forum and the independent report formulated by civil society will then be submitted in the UN conference on Anti Corruption (CoSP) and to be distributed to all state participants.
Therefore, it is expected that the strategy to guard anti-corruption agenda that has been executed by civil society will maximize international network to pressure and urge governments to formulate anti-corruption strategy and policy and impelement it seriously and consistently. Not only serving as a camouflage or political courtesy.
Jakarta, 17 January 2008
Partnership for Governance Reform (PGR)
Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW)
Transparency International (TI) Indonesia
Ainul Ridha (PGR) 085216032990
Andang Widoyoko (ICW) 08151850373
Florian Vernaz (TI Indonesia) 08111891914