Most of the boundary areas in Indonesia are still left behind areas with still very limited social and economic means and infrastructures. The opinion in the past, that the boundary areas need to be tightly controlled since they are the hiding places of rebels, has made the boundary development paradigm more prioritizing the security than the welfare approach. Consequently, the boundary areas in several regions are not touched by the development dynamics and their communities are poor. As such, those areas are economically more orientating to the neighbor countries. For example, Malaysia, one of the neighbor countries, has developed growth centers at its boundary corridors through various economic and trade activities, which have provided benefit to its government as well as its community. Kemitraan supports the development a national strategy for managing boundary areas, including the role of local government and their relationships with the private sector and civil society.
The main objective of this project is to encourage the life of the left behind boundary areas to become more advanced, better and peaceful through the strengthening of the local government. Specifically, this project aims to stabilize the national strategy on the development of boundary areas by prioritizing the local government as the forefront; to encourage the innovation of good governance in the border areas as well as to provide support to the creation of the local economic development model.
The project achieved to produce five assessment reports of five provinces (Riau Islands, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, NTT, and Papua) and one policy recommendation on border management. The assessments were undertaken together with the provincial and regency/municipality governments, universities in the border areas and CSOs. These products have been submitted to the Ministry of Home Affairs to serve as policy recommendation to the government, particularly the National Border Management Agency (Badan Nasional Pengelolaan Perbatasan). The recommendations are: capacity building of the Local Border Management Agency officials, increasing the security access, integrating the regulations between different institutions related to the pattern of border management and state borders, the pattern of maritime border management, infrastructure management, environment and natural resources management, and increasing the institutionalization and widening the authorities of the BNPP and the local border management agency in order to reorganize the regulations and to clarify the decision-making process for issues related to border areas. Kemitraan, together with Indonesia Defense University has also completed a defense sector study of the RI-PNG border that covers four areas; Jayapura city, Keerom regency, Pegunungan Bintang regency and Merauke regency.
|Project name||:||Strengthening of Border and Impoverished Region’s Integrity and Governance (SOBERING): Managing Indonesia’s Problematic Borders|
|Source of funds||:||The Netherlands|
|Project duration||:||January 2010 – December 2013|
|Geographical focus||:||Riau Islands, East Nusa Tenggara, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Papua, West Papua|
Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan (National Border Management Agency) in Jakarta, Badan Daerah Pengelola Perbatasan (Provincial Border Management Agency) in province of: Riau Islands , West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Papua and East Nusa Tenggara, Universities and CSOs in five provinces, YPPN, C-FORCE, Nusra Septara, UMRAH, YSDK
|Beneficiaries||:||Local people and government in five provinces (Riau Islands, East Nusa Tenggara, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Papua, West Papua), CSOs, researchers|
|Responsible KemitraanOfficer||:||Cucu Suryaman|
|Responsible KemitraanUnit||:||Democratic & Justice Governance (DJG)|